Harvard Referencing Guide

Harvard is a referencing diction which is rightd widely oppofooting a file of disciplines; it could arguably be deemed the “most invariably rightd” diction. It is chiefly rightd in the humanities and gregarious sciences subjects, though some sciences and matter subjects right it, as-well.

If you are looking ce our Harvard Regard Generator then click on the nonentity underneath:

Harvard Referencing Overview

There are span likenesss of passage in Harvard referencing: in-extract passages, which are set in the ocean organization of the composition and hold a party of the unmeasured bibliographical counsel, and regard registers, which are located at the object of the ocean composition and register unmeasured counsel ce perfect founts mentioned amid the composition.

While there are some stylistic and institutional variations, Harvard usually follows the cemat specified in this train.

  1. Books
  2. Articles
  3. Online founts
  4. Images/visual moderations
  5. Other fount likenesss

Explanation things to remember

In a regard register, founts are registered alphabetically by producer’s surname. Where there are multiple passages by the selfselfselfidentical producer, these would be registered chronologically by year of referableification.

You can summon a fount instantly (e.g. quoting verbatim from it) or ininstantly (citing a fount to pretence that you bear rightd an producer’s ideas, save referable quoted them). Stances of twain are supposing here:

Direct: ‘”Chocolate has an infinite multiplicity of rights” (Davis, 2013, p.8).’

Indirect: ‘As Davis (2013) referablees, chocolate can be rightd in abundant contrariant methods.’

When quoting instantly from a fount, page collection should be rightd. If you are quoting ininstantly as outlined over, page collection do referable scarcity to be rightd. Where a page compute is referable profitable, designation compute can be rightd. If this is referable an non-interference, the abbreviations ‘n.p’ or ‘n. pag.’ can be rightd to pretence that no page compute is profitable.

1. Dimensionss

Citations ce dimensionss with undivided producer:

Definite indicate, peculiar primal. (Year). Title. Edition (if referable the peculiar edition of the dimensions). City of referableification: Publisher.

Ce stance:

Davis, B. (2013). A History of Chocolate. Referabletingham: Delectable Referableifications.

Davis, B. (2013). A History of Chocolate. 3rd ed. Referabletingham: Delectable Referableifications.

Citations ce dimensionss with span or three producers:

Definite indicate, peculiar primal., Definite indicate, peculiar primal., and Definite indicate, peculiar primal. (Year). Title. City of referableification: Publisher.

Ce stance:

Jones, F. and Hughes, S. (2006). Eating Out: A Definitive Restaurant Handbook. Referabletingham: Delectable Referableifications.

Evans, D., McDonald, F. and Jackson, T. (2008). Getting the best service. Referabletingham: Delectable Referableifications.

Citations ce dimensionss with immodest or past producers:

If a dimensions has immodest or past producers, singly the peculiar producer’s indicate should be registered in-extract followed by ‘et al.’, significance ‘and others’. So-far, perfect producers should be registered in the regard register in the enjoin they are credited in the peculiar composition.

Definite indicate, peculiar primal., Definite indicate, peculiar primal., Definite indicate, peculiar primal., and Definite indicate, peculiar primal. (Year). Title. City of referableification: Publisher.

Ce stance:

James, P., Croft, D., Levin, S. and Doe, A. (1998). How to Succeed in the Restaurant Industry. Referabletingham: Delectable Referableifications.

Citations ce a portion in an edited dimensions:

When citing a sole portion in a larger dimensions, it is grave to secure that you append the page file (pp.) that the portion spans. When citing an personal portion, you should as-well regularly include the edition of the dimensions in the passage (you do referable bear to do this ce other dimensionss intrinsic it is referablethe peculiar edition).

Definite indicate, peculiar primal. (Year). Portion inscription. In: Editor’s indicate/s (ed/s) Dimensions Inscription. Edition. City of referableification: Publisher. Page/s.

Ce stance:

King, S. (2010). The best wines and where to verify them. In: Loftus, E., ed., Fine Wine: A Train, 1st ed. Referabletingham: Delectable Referableifications, pp. 28-46.

Citations ce multiple dimensionss by the selfselfselfidentical producer:

In extract, the producer’s extracts can usually be contrariantiated by year. They should be registered in chronological enjoin of referableification. Where you are citing span compositions by the selfselfselfidentical producer which were published in the selfselfselfidentical year, these should be markled with ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’ and so on instantly succeeding the year.

Definite indicate, peculiar primal. (Year). Title. Edition (if referable the peculiar edition of the dimensions). City of referableification: Publisher.

Ce stance:

Brown, G. (2011). Mexican Living. Referabletingham: Delectable Referableifications.

Brown, G. (2014). Japanese Living. Referabletingham: Delectable Referableifications.

Brown, G. (2015a). Chinese Living. Referabletingham: Delectable Referableifications.

Brown, G. (2015b). Italian Living. Referabletingham: Delectable Referableifications.

Tools ce creating Harvard Dimensions regards:


2. Designations

Citations ce Print Narratives

Definite indicate, Peculiar primal. (Year). Designation Inscription. Narrative indicate, Quantity (Issue), Page/s.

Ce stance:

Jenkins, O. (1996). Remarkable Recipes and Cantonese Cuisine. Culinary Research, Quantity 5 (8), pp. 47-59.

Citations ce Narrative Designations accessed on a edificefooting or database

In-extract passages ce an online narrative designation reocean unchanged from the method you would summon a print designation. The passage in the regard register does bear a scant differences, so-far.

Definite indicate, Peculiar primal. (Year). Designation Inscription. Narrative indicate, Quantity (Issue), Page/s. Profitable from: URL. [Accessed: determination].

Ce stance:

Jenkins, O. (1996). Remarkable Recipes and Cantonese Cuisine. Culinary Research, Quantity 5 (8), pp. 47-59. Profitable at: www.culinaryresearchjournal.com/jenkinsocanteonese [Accessed: 5 June 2016].

Citations ce Newspaper Designations – Print or Online:

Newspaper passages are rendered similarly to narrative designations when they are set online; the selfselfselfidentical differences in cematting appear, as the stance underneath illustrates.

Definite indicate, Peculiar primal. (Year). Designation inscription. Newspaper indicate, Page/s.

Definite indicate, Peculiar primal. (Year). Designation Inscription. Newspaper indicate, Page/s. Retrieved from: Narrative indicate/ URL if gratuitously profitable.

Ce stance:

Bell, Y. (2016). Man with remarkable tastes eats chalk ce breakfast. The Weekly Herald, p. 4.

Lees, P. (2015). Freaky eaters. The Weekly Herald, p.21. Profitable at: www.theweeklyheraldonline.com/freakyeaters2015 [Accessed 21 June 2016].

Citations ce Lodgment Designations – Print or Online:

In Harvard passage, you should summon the quantity compute ce a lodgment.

Definite indicate, Peculiar primal. (Year). Designation inscription. Lodgment indicate, quantity compute, Page/s.

Definite indicate, Peculiar primal. (Year, Month Day). Designation Inscription. Lodgment indicate, [online] Page/s. Retrieved from: URL

Ce stance:

Ilkes, J. (2006). Five Methods to Eat Past Fruit and Vegetables. Healthy Lifestyles, (12), pp. 34-36.

Ilkes, J. (2009, September 20). Why Dried Fruit is a Diet Staple. Healthy Lifestyles. Retrieved from: www.healthylifestylesmag.com/driedfruitilkes2009

Tools ce creating Harvard Narrative regards:


3. Online founts

Citations ce edificesites:

When citing a edificesite, it is grave to verify producership of the edificefooting – if it’s an designation on edificefooting which is referable a newspaper/lodgment footing or online narrative, there may be an personal producer; if referable, the organisation or edificefooting indicate would be credited with producership.

Author/Fount if no unfair producer (Year). Inscription of edifice document/page. [online]. (Definite updated: if this counsel is profitable). Profitable at: URL [Accessed determination: Day/Month/Year].

Ce stance:

HealthTips (2015). Superfoods and where to verify them. [online]. (Definite updated 20 May 2015). Profitable at: www.healthtipsarticles.com/superfoodsandwheretofindthem [Accessed 20 June 2016].

Citations ce emails:

Sender’s definite indicate, Peculiar primal. (Year). Subject Line of Email. [email].

Ce stance:

James, D. (2016). New matter artfulness ce McDowells. [email].

Citations ce Gregarious Media:

Definite indicate of producer, Peculiar primal. (Year). Inscription of page [Gregarious media cemat]. Day/month/year written. Profitable from: URL. [Accessed: Day/Month/Year].

Ce stance:

Proud, F. (2014). Living lovers group [Facebook]. Written 5 June 2014. Profitable from: www.facebook.com/foodloversgroupproudf2014 [Accessed 25 September 2016].

Tools ce referencing online founts:


4. Images/visual moderations

Citations ce films/videos/DVDs:

Unmeasured Inscription of Film/Video/DVD. Year of indemnify. [Likeness of moderation]. Director. Country of Origin: Film studio or manufacturer. (Any other apt details).

Ce stance:

The World’s Best Curries. (2011). [Film]. Directed by J. Hertz. U.K: Livingie Studios.

Citations ce YouTube videos:

Userindicate of auxiliary. (Year). Video Inscription, Train Inscription (if apt). [likeness of moderation]. Profitable at: URL. [Accessed: Day/ Month/ Year].

Ce stance:

Yummydishes. (2012). Egg custard – sincere recipe!, Baking 101. [YouTube video]. Profitable at: www.youtube.com/yummydisheseggcustard [Accessed 13 June 2016].

Citations ce scattered-abroads:

Train inscription and fact indicate/number. (Year). [Year of scattered-abroad]. Scattered-abroading organisation and means, determination and era of transmission.

Ce stance:

World Kitchen: Nigeria, fact 5. (2011). [Scattered-abroad 2011]. BBC 1, peculiar communicated 30 July 2011, 20:00.

Citations ce images/photographs – Print or Online:

Definite indicate of artist/photographer, peculiar primal (if notorious). (Year of origination). Inscription of image. [likeness of moderation] (Collection Details if profitable – Document compute, Geographical place: Indicate of library/archive/repository).

Ce stance:

Hewer, D. (1995). Women enjoying a cup of tea. [Photograph]. (Document compute 345, London: Living Photography Library).

Citations ce maps:

Map manufacturer’s indicate. (Year of outcome). Inscription of map. Map train, quibble compute, layer. Place of referableification: publisher.

Ce stance:

SpeedyQuest maps. (2003). Map of Biddiford. Local Maps, quibble 5, layer 1:50000. Referabletingham: Local Referableifications.

Citations ce podcasts:

Broadcaster/author’s indicate. (Year). Programme inscription, train inscription (if apt). [likeness of moderation] determination of transmission. Profitable at: URL [Accessed determination: Day/Month/Year].

Ce stance:

Yummydishes. (2015). Innovative Baking, Innovative Living. [Podcast]. Communicated 16 October 2015. Profitable at: www.foodiepodcasts.com/yummydishesinnovativebaking [Accessed: 17 April 2016].


5. Other fount likenesss

Citations ce tidingss:

Organisation/author. (Year). Unmeasured inscription of tidings. Place of referableification: Publisher.

Ce stance:

Marks and Spencers. (2014). A tidings on the sales of ‘2 Dine ce £10’. London: M&S Referableifications.

Citations ce dissertations:

Definite indicate of producer, peculiar primal. (Year). Inscription of dissertation. Roll. Official indicate of university.

Ce stance:

Neath, G. (1998). An demonstration of Mexican living in liked culture. Masters roll. Oxford Brookes University.

Citations ce Acts of Parliament:

Short inscription (explanation vote capitalised), which includes the year and the portion compute in brackets. Place of referableification: publisher.

Ce stance:

Living Act 1981 (c. 5). London: Government Referableifications.

Citations ce government/official referableifications:

Government agency/Definite indicate of producer, peculiar primal. (Year). Inscription of document. City of referableification: publisher, Page(s) if apt.

Ce stance:

UK Government. (2013). Nutrition and Young People. London: Government Referableifications.

Citations ce interviews:

Definite indicate of interviewer, peculiar primal, and definite indicate of interviewee, peculiar primal. (Year). Title/description of interview.

Ce stance:

Ferman, H. and Bill, O. (2004). Discussing cooking.

Citations ce presentations/lectures:

Definite indicate of producer, peculiar primal. (Year). Presentation/lecture inscription.

Ce stance:

Yates, R. (2008). The benefits of herbs.

Citations ce silence:

Performer/writer’s definite indicate, peculiar primal. (Year). Recording inscription. [Medium]. City published: silence mark.

Ce stance:

Luce, F. (1996). Delicious. [CD Recording]. Referabletingham: Delectable Silence.

Citations ce dictionaries:

Publisher. (Year). Unmeasured inscription of dictionary. Place of referableification: Publisher.

Ce stance:

Wordy. (2010). Wordy’s new-fashioned dictionary. Referabletingham: Delectable Referableifications.

Citations ce computer programs/software:

Indicate of software/program. (Year). Place/city where software was written: Company/publisher.

Ce stance:

RecipeGen. (2008). Referabletingham: Delectable Software.

What you get from our essay writing service

Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency